Teacher is a FAG
Anti-Briggs Initiative political poster, 1978
The Briggs Initiative Protest, 1978
The Briggs Initiative sought to ban gays and lesbians from serving as public school teachers in California. It also would have allowed for civil lawsuits against school employees seen to be supporting gay rights.
Photo by Pat Rocco. Courtesy ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives
Le Journal de Montreal, October 1977, front page coverage of police raids on gay bars Truxx and Le Mystique.
About two thousand of Montreal’s gay community took to the streets and jammed downtown Ste. Catherine Street very early on Sunday morning shouting “fascist dogs” and “gestapo” at motorcycle police who were called to clear the area. The focus of the anger was the brutal “morality squad” raids early Saturday morning at Truxx and Le Mystique, two gay bars. Police barged in wielding machine guns and bullet-proof vests as they arrested 144 men for being in a “bawdy house” or for “gross indecency” — common charges for anyone who was thought to be gay.
Those raids capped two years of nearly constant police harassment and raids which had begun as a campaign to “clean up” the city in preparation for the 1976 Olympics. But with this latest raid, the gay community fought back in what was later dubbed, “Quebec’s Stonewall.” Also different this time, gays and lesbians had the news media’s support. By the end of the year, the Parti Québéois adopted Bill 88 which ensured that sexual orientation would be covered under the province’s Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms which prohibited all forms of discrimination. However, the change failed to have much of an appreciable affect, and police raids would continue until Montreal’s “other” Stonewall rebellion in 1990 following a riotous raid of a loft party.
Eviction of South London Gay Community Centre, Brixton, April 1976
“I don’t care how much they scream and squeal…”, Sen. Joseph McCarthy
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) Investigation
After a 13 month long investigation, the HUAC report never identified a rationale for the Mitchell and Martin defections, but focused on the inadequacy of the investigations that granted them security clearances despite evidence of “homosexuality or other sexual abnormality”, atheism, and Communist sympathies on the part of one or both of the men.