Barbara Gittings, Frank Kameny, John E. Fryer [ ‘Dr. H. Anonymous’ ], on a discussion panel at the annual American Psychiatric Association conference, 1972.
Fryer’s speech has been cited as a key factor in persuading the psychiatric community to remove homosexuality as a mental disorder from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual [DSM].
Images from “FAG,” my first zine, 2013. I had an idea that, if you’re gonna call me dirty names, you should be just as prepared to say such things to the kid version of me, because I was just as much a fag then as now. I wanted there to be a high contrast between the sweetness of the photos and harshness of the words. — dgchristie
29th April 1870: An excited crowd looks on as Ernest Boulton and Frederick Park in full drag leave Bow Street Magistrates’ Court the morning after their arrest at the Strand Theatre. Thomas Ernest Boulton [Stella] and Frederick William Park [Fanny] were arrested the 10th of April 1870, in London for public lewdness.
The arrest of the flamboyantly dressed Miss Fanny Park and Miss Stella Boulton precipitated a sensational show trial that shocked and titillated Victorian London in equal measure. For the alluring Fanny and Stella were no ordinary young women. Far from it. In fact, they were young men who liked to dress as women. As the trial of ‘the Young Men in Women’s Clothes’ unfolded, Fanny and Stella’s extraordinary lives as wives and daughters, actresses and whores were revealed to an incredulous public. Neil McKenna
T.C. Jones, [ October 26, 1920 – September 21, 1971 ]
T.C. Jones was known for his impersonations of stars such as Tallulah Bankhead, Judy Garland, Katharine Hepburn
Jones danced in two Broadway shows in the mid-1940s before beginning his career as an impersonator in 1946 in a stint with the Provincetown Players. “One night… another of the players brought me some… material that was hilarious. The only catch was that it more or less required a woman to deliver it. He suggested I do an impersonation.” He moved to the Jewel Box Revue in Miami, performing impersonations of Bankhead, Hepburn, Edith Piaf, Claudette Colbert and Bette Davis.
Jones’s portrayal of Bankhead brought him to the attention of theatrical producer Leonard Sillman… Sillman was strongly advised not to cast Jones but stated, “I never think of T. C. as a female impersonator, as a man imitating a woman. T. C. on stage is simply an extraordinarily talented woman.”
Jones made a number of television appearances, including portraying a homicidal transvestite with a penchant for strangling nurses in “An Unlocked Window”, an Edgar Award-winning episode of The Alfred Hitchcock Hourin 1965, and another killer transvestite in “Night of the Running Death”, a 1967 episode of The Wild Wild West.…
"An Unlocked Window", Alfred Hitchcock Presents, 1965
One of the earliest broadcasts depicting a queer fictional character on television.
Dewey’s, pre-Stonewall fight for equality, Philadelphia, 1965
In 1965, the management of the Dewey’s at 219 S 17th Street near Rittenhouse Square (now Little Pete’s) made it clear that they would refuse service “to a large number of homosexuals and persons wearing non-conformist clothing.” Modeled on the current African-American civil rights protests, on Sunday, April 25th, more than 150 protestors, black, white, trans, lesbian and gay staged a sit-in, an amazing thing to do in Philadelphia in 1965, four years before the Stonewall riots. Police arrived and three of the protestors who refused to leave were arrested. They were young; two males and a female.
Journalist and activist Clark Polak and the Janus Society, a local gay rights group, were notified. Over the next week, in support of the protestors, they distributed some 1,500 leaflets outside the restaurant [photo, above].On Sunday, May 2, they staged a second sit-in. This time, when the police were called, they spoke with the protestors and simply left, declining to take any action at all, [see photo, bottom, of the police at Dewey’s in 1965]. The management agreed to end the discrimination and the protestors left, having staged the first successful gay rights sit-in in the country. This marked an important step in the struggle for LGBT people to lay claim to the right to public space in 1960s Philadelphia.
Traditional historians characterized the relationship between Emperor Ai and Dong Xian as one between homosexual lovers and referred to their relationship as “the passion of the cut sleeve” (斷袖之癖), so named from the story of Emperor Ai of Han (27 BCE - 1 BCE) and Dong Xian (23 BCE - 1 BCE).
As the story goes, Emperor Ai fell in love with a minor official named Dong Xian. Dong Xian quickly gained the Emperor’s favor. One afternoon as they slept in bed, Emperor Ai woke up. Rather than wake his lover, he cut the sleeves of his robe to let his lover sleep longer. Homosexuality was regarded as a normal affair up until the late Qing dynasty when the government attempted to westernize the country. [wikipedia]